Phase II (2011 – 2013)
Tourism, Outdoor & Environment Development Project (NTOEDP)
Phase II (2011 – 2013)
NETIF has been implementing Nepal Tourism, Outdoor and Environment
Development Project (NTOEDP) with the support from Suman Latu :
Finnish Outdoor Recreation Association with the aim of developing
Better Environment for better tourism .In the NTOEDP Phase I
(2009-2010), NETIF developed the Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trekking
Trail (KVCTT).The trail starts from Sundarijal via Shivapuri
Nagarjun National Park, passing through Mulkharka, Chisapani,
Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, Namobuddha,Balthali and ending in Panauti.
The main problem of the project area is that there are not enough
environmental considerations in tourism sector and among the local
communities resulting a lack of community involvement in tourism and
less people benefiting from tourism. The direct objective of the
present project is that more people in rural and semi-rural
communities could benefit from tourism. This objective can be
achieved by developing community-focused tourism through trekking
trail development, community-based tourism centres, trainings in
product development, promotional activities and establishing
linkages between private sector and communities.
After the successful implementation of NTOEDP Phase I (2009-2010),
the project was extended to Phase II (2011-2013). The Phase II of
NTOEDP aimed to extend the Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trekking Trail
route covering the western side of Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park,
starting through Budhanilkanta (Pani Mohan), Nagi Gompa, Shivapuri
peak, to Chisapani, adopting the same principles and methodologies
as Phase I(2009-2011). While it is still continuing to supervise and
monitor the activities of Phase I, as well as mediating with
different national and international boards and institutions.
Additionally, the project also continued to work with tourism
entrepreneurs (lodge & hoteliers, travel and trekking agencies, and
restaurants) and communities to actively integrate tourism,
environment and livelihood, in such a way that the benefits from the
tourism are a trickled down to the host communities with plans to
further develop the following:
Community and social Involvement,
• responsible tourism certification initiatives,
• capacity building training programmes,
• procurement policies, local business promotion,
• pollution, waste management, and recycling schemes,
• energy management,
• water conservation and tree planting initiatives,
• Assist in the start up of community lodges and home stay
enterprises to empower sustainable community income generation.
Launching of second phase project (NTOEDP II) year 2011
The second phase project started in the beginning of 2011. A
residential workshop was conducted in Dhulikhel inviting all the
institutions members to prepare and plan for three consecutive
years. A SWOT analysis of the organisation was carried to prepare
the “Activity implementation strategy". The reporting of the
physical condition of the trail and evaluation of different tasks
performed during 2010 were reviewed with suggestions for next steps.
As per strategy, NETIF renewed the strong working relationship with
all the working partners through regular meetings, telephone
communications, workshops as well as guidelines for educating the
local partners on the goals, objectives and results of the projects.
Similarly, local communities were regularly informed and motivated
in implementing the activities. The field staffs were also regularly
given orientation and coaching on the implementation of the second
phase of the project NTOEDP.
The expected outputs of the project are
1. Construction of micro infrastructure (tourist shelters, public
toilets, route markings, route upgrading) along the trail.
2. Enhanced capacity of the local people in tourism and environment
3. Product upgrading and promotion.
4. Improved networking and communication with other actors of
tourism to enable better environment for better tourism.
Concerning Output 1: The numerous activities such as
construction of community buildings, rest houses, incinerators,
landslide protection walls were constructed. Similarly, waste rings
were placed along the trail after a short orientation and cleanup
campaigns. Trail was also upgraded in various locations. Others were
the construction of 2 Community buildings, 8 Tourists rest houses,
10 incinerators, 3 landslide protection walls, 1 entrance gate and 1
public toilet along the trail. Likewise, 210 waste rings and 120
wooden signage were placed along the trial. Likewise, 6000 meter
trail was also upgraded and partial financial support was provided
for instillation of wind turbine and improved cooking stoves along
the trail. At least 5000 saplings were planted along the trail
particularly in Dhulikhel and Panauti area. Similarly in 2010,
placement of additional wooden signage, awareness boards,
construction of additional tourists rest houses, public toilets were
In 2011, four additional tourist shelters were completed in
different places in Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park, Nagarkot, and
(near Kali temple) in Dhulikhel. Similarly, regular trail
maintenance was carried out in Sundarijal, Borlyang, etc. More waste
bins made of bamboo were placed throughout the trail. Support on
construction of a cottage house was provided to the Community based
organic farmhouse in Nagarkot. The maintenance of the community
houses in Mulkharka, Nagarkot and roofing of some of the tourist
shelters were also carried out as the shelters which were
constructed in 2009 needed maintenance support. Nagarkot Naldum
Tourism promotion committee house which was constructed with the
help of the project during 2009 and 2010, additional support was
provided to purchase office furniture in it. All the activities were
completed with the joint cooperation of community people and the
project. Necessary new trekking trails were developed and old routes
were regularly maintained. Tree saplings were planted along the
trekking route of Nagarkot, Dhulikhel and Chisapani. The signages
which were washed off by the effect of weather were repainted with
fresh colours and at least 300 metal arrows were developed and
placed in the extended trekking trail. Wooden signages aren’t
appropriate as most gets lost. 80 pieces of environment awareness
hording boards in poetic language were placed along the trail in
Signage boards placed along the trail
Concerning output 2: The Tourism Development Committees and
waste management funds created in 2009 were further strengthened in
2010 and 2011 through capacity building trainings and awareness
campaigns. Other self initiatives such as donation boxes for
environment and heritage support fund were distributed to the local
communities along the trail. Local people were provided skill based
trainings such as off seasonal vegetable, mushroom cultivation, corn
husk doll making, small hotel and lodge management, cultural
programme performance, local tourist guides, food and personal
hygiene etc. Several committees and sub committees were formed to
look after trail, environment, eco clubs, cultural program,
handicrafts and home stay management.
Photo: Nature guide training organized in 2011
All four partnering local committees of NETIF were registered with
the government authority as to gain legal recognition and develop
institutional values. Later on, understandings and the trust between
the organisations and different institutes were further strengthened
by undergoing Memorandum of Understanding which helps to execute
project activities more effectively. Similarly, refreshing training
course was carried out in order to help those trainees. Additional
trainings were conducted in 2011 such as Nature Guide, briquette
making, Herbal & organic farming, kitchen hygiene & food preparation
and account management training. Advanced trainings were provided in
Corn Husk Doll making, Partial supports were provided to purchase
traditional costumes and musical instruments for Gaurishankar
Cultural team in Dhulikhel.
Photo: Mushroom production and
Briquette making training organized in Mulkharka in 2011
Environment conservation education classes were conducted in
Shivapuri National Park School and 4 eco alert clubs were formed.
Likewise other major activities conducted in 2011 were Community
members who were capacitated in account management. Home stay
programme was initiated in Okhreni and Mulkharka. As the trails from
KVCTT has to be managed more professional way to give trekkers
specific information about the physical condition, trail
classification training has been provided to NETIF team by the
expert from Finland. It has been adopted in KCCTT by NETIF
localizing the concept as needed.
Concerning output 3, the project has been promoting Kathmandu Valley
Cultural Trekking trails through the participation in national and
international tourism festivals and marts since 2009. In 2010, the
project participated in Third National Tourism Mart, developed a
travel log, 1 travel log has been completed. Kathmandu Valley
Cultural trekking Trail has been promoted through the media coverage
and participation in Third National Tourism Mart 2010 and PATA
Adventure Travel and Responsible Tourism Conference & Mart 2010.
Likewise, 1000 brochures and a Guidebook on trekking trail were
published and website www.netif-nepal.org has been hosted and is
regularly updated. Similarly, hording boards including tourism
resource map has been developed and many familiarization trips have
been completed. The brand name has been established in the market as
the popular route called “Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trekking Trail”.
Photo: Hiking program organized
Many activities were continued in 2011 as well. For promotion of
domestic market various events were conducted such as hike and bike,
bicycle rally, Rhododendron blossom hiking & Chisapani festival,
Dhulikhel Momo festival, Blood donation program which has helped
KVCTT to gain much popularity among Kathmandu valley inhabitants,
diplomats and foreign Ex-pats & residents. Further promotion of
KVCTT has been done through conducting various familiarization trip
and publication through different media coverage in audio and visual
including the article that was published in Medias from Finland that
was written by Ms Sudeskna Sarkar concerning the Finnish project in
Nepal. NETIF has developed numbers of promotional materials such as
brochures, posters which were distributed to the individual
trekking, travel companies, NGO/ INGO offices. NETIF website, face
book and blog have been one of the important tools to disseminate
information about the product as a whole. Similarly publications of
news letters were developed and disseminated. Insertion of
information on the product “Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trekking
Trail" and the project activities were incorporated in International
trekking guide books. In order to share NETIF information and the
experiences among the tourism stakeholders, NETIF participating in
PATA (Pacific Atlantic Travel Associations) International seminar
held in Pokhara, a power point presentation was carried out on
project NTOEDP in the forum which was considered to have gained good
mileages. NETIF has acquired a membership at Nepal Tourism Board to
create a platform to build network and share information based on
experiences to other institutions, boards.
Concerning output 4, various awareness campaigns have been
completed. At least 10 cleanup campaigns, celebration of wild life
conservation week, world environment day, environment and
conservation class’s workshops on waste management and organic
farming, were conducted along the trail. Similarly, tree
plantations, distribution of posters, recycle bag, blood donation,
and organic products exhibition were carried out from 2009 to 2011.
The achievement made by project in the year 2011 is summarized
Highlights related to output 1: Construction of micro infrastructure
( tourist shelters, route marking , route upgrading ).
• Construction: Tourist shelters :
- Tourist shelter in ticket counter in Mulkharka near SNNP ticket
- Tourist shelter beyond Borlang Bhanjyan inside SNNP .
- Tourist Shelter in Nagarkot near Naldum village .
- Tourist Shelter in Dhulikhel near Kali temple , 1000 steps stair
Tourists resting in shelter along the KVCTT trail
• Trail and other Maintenances work:
- Trail maintenance continued from Sundarijal to Borlyang inside
- Trail maintenance continued from Borlyang to Jarshing Pauwa
• Community House Maintenance: Community house in Mulkharka
has been renovated with new roof.
Nagarkot Tourism committee office support: Nagarkot Tourism
committee office received support for chairs, table and other
Roof maintenance: Some of tourist shelter roofs were replaced by
Fresh paintings: White coatings done on the sign boards and
direction sinages in the trekking trail .
Metal made sinages: More than 300 pieces metal direction sinages
have been placed along the KVCTT.
Environment awareness slogan boards: 80 nos new Environment
awareness slogan boards are placed throughout the trekking route.
(In a poetic version)
Sign board development: 2 nos Information sign boards are made
and placed in the trekking trail along KVCTT.
Waste Management: Ongoing waste management task in Mulkharka ,
Chisapani Dhulikhel and Nagarkot has taken place resulting clean
environment. Fresh paintings on all the waste bins placed in KVCTT.
Several times of Clean up took place at Shivapuri National Park with
the help of local, stakeholder and SNNP authorities. More than 6
times of clean up programs has been completed in a various
destinations along the trail.
Waste basket replacement : Some 350 nos of bamboo made waste
collection bins have been placed in through out the trekking trail.
Extension KVCTT from Kakani : A familiarization trip from
Budhanilkanths to Chisapani to extend the area of KVCTT from Kakani
. Trip was done in September 2011. Almost some 150 pieces of
signages were also placed along this new trekking trail .
Highlights concerning output 2: Enhancing capacity of the local
people in tourism and environment through trainings.
• 3 days
long Training on Oyster mushroom culture In Chisapani . March 2011.
Oyster Mushroom culture training in Mulkharka 2011
• 5 days long Organic farming training course held in Mulkharga-
August / Sept 2011.
• 5 days long Organic farming training course held in Nagarkot -
• 5 days long Kitchen Hygiene and vegetable/ fruits carving training
course held in
o Dhulikhel - August 2011. Training provided by Chefs association-
• 3 days long Kitchen Hygiene and basis food preparation training
course held in
o Chisapani. Training provided by GATES College - August 2011.
• 1 day long Kitchen Hygiene training course held in Nagarkot -
o Training provided by GATES College
• 5 days long advance course on Corn Husk Doll making training
conducted for the women group from Dhulikhel – November ,2011
• 5 days long Nature Guide training course in Sundarijal jointly
organized by NETIF and SNNP.
• Financial support worth of Rs25000 provided to purchase
traditional custumes and musical instruments for Gaurishanker
Cultural team in Dhulikhel.
• Support to construct Organic farm house cottage in Nagarkot.
• 1 day accounting training for CBOs by auditor Mr. Tejendra
• Initiation of Home stay program by NETIF in Okhereni and Mulkharka
Village: Necessary base line survey performed for alternative
livelihood program in Sundaijal, Villages.
• Environment conservation education classes, Poem competition, art
competition, small library development etc.
Highlights related to output 3: Product upgrading and promotion.
- Rhododendron blossom hiking program organized with participants
from embassy, INGOs , locals and level of success 100 % .
- Organised Chisapani festival coinsiding with Rhododendron Blossom
- Organised Momo festival jointly with Chef’s association for
promotion of domestic tourism in Dhulikhel – December 2011.
- Organised Blood donation program jointly with Nagarkot Tourism
Committee in Naagarkot.
- Dhulikhel To Balthali cycle rally: A support provided on a Cycle
promotional event organized by
- Bicycle Association Kavre , Mr. Uday Bhushan – 27th August, 2011
- Participated with a PowerPoint presentation about NETIF in PATA
International level seminar held in Pokhara in Feb, 2011.
Presentation given by Jitendra Rana NETIF ’s consultant.
- Media Coverage: More than 10 different nation wide media coverages
are made of the trekking trail in audio/ visual and printings
including the artical written by Mrs Sudeskna Sarkar and published
in Finland news papers and other news medias.
- Insertion of information on ”Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trekking
trail” in a Tourist Guide book published by travel writer Alonzo
Lyons from United State of America.
- Printing and development of NETIF’s brochures on second phase
project NTOEDP 2011-2013.
Presentation at STN forum: A power point presentation highlighting
it’s model project NTOEDP to the members of STN (Sustainable tourism
network) . Dated 26th May 011. NETIF has been appointed as a core
member in STN Forum ( Sustainable Tourism Network ) of Nepal Tourism
Tree Plantation at various destinations : Tree plantation program
continued ( June/ july) in Nagarkot and Chiapani. Rhododendron tree
plantation program in Chisapani and ornamental tree in Nagarkot road
side . NETIf has initiated a joint program with DDC.
Highlights related to output 4 (Improved networking and
communication with other actors of tourism to enable better
environment for better tourism).
• World Environment Day (W.E.D) Celebration :
W.E.D celebrated with full enthusiasm in all four destinations of
the NTOEDP project site. Clean up programs and tree plantation
programs took place in all the places.
NETIF Dhulikhel celebrated W.E.D organized jointly with DDC – Kavre,
Dhulikhel Chamber of Commerce , Sanjivani High Schools- Dhulikhel
and different activities were performed. A rally took place around
the streets of Dhulikhel by school students, DDC officers, Youths
along with music and dance activities creating the awareness about
importance of clean green environment.
Photo: World Environment Day Celebrated in 2011
- Plantation of 100 Tree saplings took place along the sides of
streets on the way to Dhulikhekl Hospital and in front of CDO
- Cotton Vegetables bags were distributed discouraging use of
- Mrs Sabita Aryal (NETIF board member) has given a presentation on
the importance of environment .Certification program to the winners
of Poem and essay writing competition on environment conservation
Project Impacts 2011:
NETIF's self evaluation: After the three years of project
intervention, significant visible changes can be observed in the
project area. Now, more tourists’ shelters are available along the
trail for the tourist to rest as well as observe the picturesque
village and snow covered mountains. Similarly, due to placement of
route marking, the tourists can trek independently to the
destinations without being lost in the forest. The community
building constructed at various village has become the means for
connecting all the villagers for discussing the issues of
development, tourism and environment awareness at local level.
Similarly, the attitudes of local people have changed as the
practice of utilizing waste bins and incinerators along the trail
has increased. Management of waste has been minimized in the
trekking route but non biodegradable waste has become unable to
cope. The problem of solid wastes like plastic, tins, and bottles is
serious. Construction of incinerators has been taken back as it has
not been good way to manage solid waste as plastic were also burnt
The trained local people have been utilizing their learned skilled
through the agro based micro schemes such as organic farming,
mushrooms & vegetable production, lodge management, restaurant
management which supporting gradually in the tourism industries in
the areas of KVCTT. Gaurishanker Cultural group who were supported
by NETIF have been performing cultural dance programs on a regular
basis in different hotels in Dhulikhel and they are making good
incomes. The locals who received tourist guide trainings in
Dhulikhel have been employed in different hotels from Dhulikhel and
Nagarkot. Trees planted in Dhulikhel and Nagarkot have grown bigger
in size and some started bearing flowers beautifying the area.
However briquettes and corn husk doll making training have not been
successful due to lack of cost effectiveness in comparison to the
production cost. This could have been because of the need to provide
entrepreneurship development training to the trainees.
More tourists and stakeholders of tourism know about NETIF and
Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trekking Trail in comparison with 2008.The
National park visitors data of 2011 shows the total number of
tourist arrival are 80913 which is considered as average increase by
35% in comparison to the tourist arrivals data in 2010 . There has
been an additional attraction created by the project as every year,
Suomen Latu helps to arrange many groups out of their institute
members come to Nepal for trekking in KVCTT. These groups get to
experience of rural Nepal, culture, hospitality and nature through
visiting the KVCTT and also helping the local communities by
bringing valuable income directly.
The project impact seems to have raised concern in other trekking
trails of Nepal since the authorities and local institutions from
those areas are learning the techniques and trying to adopt in their
areas. This kind of sharing of the knowledge has been possible
during the interaction meetings program in Nepal tourism board at
STN (Sustainable Tourism networking) forum. The level of awareness
on tourism, environment and waste management has been significantly
increased in the areas of KVCTT as well in Nepal.
After 3 years of project intervention, positive impact has been felt
in the communities as the cooperation relationship amongst the
locals, hoteliers, women self help groups, and youths have been
developed into cordial relationship. The hoteliers have started to
understand that without the good environment condition and welfare
to the local society from their community, their business wouldn't
be sustainable. Same way, the local people have started
understanding that they could make the best use of the tourism
industry to boost the local economy and their welfare if they
support each other and look ways to benefit them. Also the
relationship between the community members and National Park
authority has been developing to betterment. Local governmental
organizations such as DDCs (District Development Committees),
Municipality and VDCs (Village Development Committees), National
Park have taken a supportive role with NETIF in tourism planning,
solving the waste problems and environment conservation activities.
University Students Evaluation:
Various surveys and studies were conducted to identify the medium
term impact of the project. The total of 22 trekkers interviewed was
observed to be satisfied with the hospitality available along the
trek and 14 of them consider KVCTT as a good trail and their
expectations were met. The trails are kept fairly clean and locals
show their great hospitality. The hotel tourism facilities on the
trek were rated as good. However, room’s sanitation, cleanliness as
well as the hot water facilities got an average rating of good to
satisfactory. The trail facilities concerning the sign posts,
garbage bins and the trail condition were all rated between very
good and good, or just good. However, the tourists rated the toilet
facilities on the track as satisfactory and the shelters as good to
satisfactory. Other facilities such as communication, safety and
hospitality were all rated very good or good but the medical
facilities need to be improved as 13 people rated them as
satisfactory and 8 of them rated as poor. However, most trekkers did
not know about the project being carried out to meet the sustainable
tourism for which more information should be provided to tourist so
that they could as well participate along fulfilling their part of
responsibility. The survey report conducted through the interview to
the community members such as living in the periphery of KVCTT who
are directly connected to tourism, such as hoteliers, shopkeepers
and those who are not directly connected to tourism such as farmers,
women and other occupations. It was were observed that most of them
are connected directly with tourism and they have been regularly
participating with NETIF activities such as attending meetings,
trainings, joining cleanup campaigns, promotional campaigns and tree
planting programs. Upon asking them on their opinion about various
project activities conducted, it is stated that the overall rating
of the project is quite good, especially about the financial
benefits, infrastructure improvements, and environment protection
initiatives and overall satisfaction with the activities. The main
suggestion given by the community members was about the need for
advanced trainings and most of them are hoping for long term
cooperation with NETIF. Also in the survey has suggested that
community members need to share more information on NETIF and also
encourage people to think more about alternative energy as means to
protect ecology. In answering the question to environmental problem
such as deforestation in their community forest or national park and
waste problem, it has been stated that it is mostly due to over
population resulting lack of fuel and poverty.
The interview to the 4 village coordinators of NETIF and other
workers thinks that 25 to 50 percent of the tourism income stays
within their communities and that about half of the project's money
is reinvested in environmental conservation. Hence, it is stated
that NETIF workers are satisfied with the project; they think that
NETIF is contributing to environmental protection as well increasing
In the trekking trail it has been observed that, around 63% self
employed have received training from NETIF. Similarly, it has also
been observed that 28 out of 38 hotels buy products on the local
markets but most of them still purchase their provision items from
Kathmandu. The services qualities of the trekking trail have been
upgraded and number of beds also has been increased due to the
growing demands of domestic and international tourists travelling in
the area. Many numbers of lodges, hotels have been built in areas of
KVCTT, at least 2 lodges in Mulkharga, 4 lodges in Chisapani, 7
hotels in Nagarkot and 3 hotels in Dhulikhel. Many job opportunities
were created at the same ratio in tourism industry from the area.
About 76% of all interviewed accommodations providers mentioned that
they got a proper waste management system. It has been observed that
in Chisapani all accommodations have a proper waste management
system. Almost all the accommodation (94%) interviewed stated that,
they support and willing to support any environment conservation
activities in their community such as aforestation (86%), cleaning
campaigns and tree plantation. Around 70% of all accommodations were
observed to be involved in NETIF's collective waste management task
in their community, almost everyone in Chisapani, Mulkharka.
The trends of purchasing locally produced goods and services have
increased. It has been observed that everyone encourages their
customers to buy local goods (except from Chisapani because there
are no local goods/souvenirs). It has been observed that the local
culture has been valued and promoted in Nagarkot (90%) and in
Social responsibility is high in the region as many accommodations
are supporting some kind of charity in their community, especially
schools and local clubs. The main achievement of the project is to
make an entry though the local institutions which are supposed to
take over the project activities after phasing out. Most of the
villagers seem to be happy and satisfied with the project as well as
the work of NETIF and most of them are hopeful for long-term co
operations. The overall impression of the project is stated as a
positive one a step towards a sustainable tourism management in the
area of Kathmandu Valley Cultural trekking Trail. It is stated that
NETIF’s most important part of the activities are livelihood
generating trainings which were organised in villages. It gives
people the opportunity to learn in order to get a job. According to
the three pillars of ecotourism the following achievements of NETIF
can be stated:- Economical benefit to the community members through
promotion of trekking trail and also creation of four local
institutions.-Social benefits of the community members through
trainings -Ecological benefit through cleaning campaigns and
promotion of organic farming. All these actions lead to empowerment
of local people and to more self governance in the communities.